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Serbian language

The Serbian language (Serbian: српски језик) is a South Slavic language, spoken chiefly in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and in the Serbian diaspora. Standard Serbian is based on the Shtokavian dialect, like the modern Croatian and Bosnian, with which it is mutually intelligible, and was previously unified with under the standard known as Serbo-Croatian. It counts among the official (and minority) languages of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Romania, Republic of Macedonia and Hungary.

The alphabet used to write Serbian is a variation on the Cyrillic alphabet, devised by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić. The Serbian Latin alphabet is based on Ljudevit Gaj's reform.

Serbian orthography is very consistent: it is an approximation of the principle "one letter per sound". This principle is represented by Adelung's saying, "Write as you speak and read as it is written", the principle used by Vuk Karadžić when reforming the Cyrillic orthography of Serbian in the 19th century.


These are the basic phrases you will need during your contact with Serbs:
English Serbian Pronunciation
Yes Da dah
No Ne neh
Please Molim moleem
Thank you Hvala Vam hvahlah vahm
Thank you very much Hvala lepo hvahlah lehpo
Good morning Dobro jutro dobro yootro
Good afternoon Dobar dan dobahr dahn
Good night Laku noć dah
Hello Zdravo zdrahvo
Good bye Do viđenja doveejehñah
Bye Zbogom zbohgohm
What is your name? Kako se zovete? kahko seh zovehteh
My name is... Zovem se... zovehm seh...
How are you? (formal) Kako ste? kahko steh
How are you? (informal) Kako si? kahko sih
Fine thanks, and you? Dobro hvala, a vi/ti? dobro hvahla, ah vee/tee
I understand Razumem rahzoomehm
I don't understand Ne razumem neh rahzoomehm
Do you speak english? Govorite li engleski govoreeteh lee ehnglehskee
I speak a little Serbian Govorim malo srpski jezik govoreem mahlo serpskee yehzeek
A beer please Jedno pivo molim jednoh peevoh moleem
How much does it cost? Koliko kosta? kohleeko koshta?